Joint statement following the meeting between President Biden and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi in Jeddah
President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. met with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi today in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia to reaffirm their shared commitment to the U.S.-Egyptian strategic partnership, consult on a wide range of security challenges global and regional and advancing the U.S.-Egyptian relationship. During the celebration of the centenary of US-Egyptian diplomatic relations, President Al-Sisi and President Biden expressed their intention to meet again in the near future to further strengthen the two countries’ multifaceted partnership. The two leaders renewed their commitment to the US-Egyptian Strategic Dialogue co-chaired by Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken and Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry and welcomed the continued implementation of its results.
Strengthen our shared security
The decades-long US-Egyptian defense partnership remains a key pillar of regional stability. The two presidents affirmed the importance of this partnership, which serves the interests of both countries. President Biden reiterated that the United States intends to continue to support Egypt in its own defense, including by continuing to provide security assistance in consultation with the United States Congress. The two presidents affirmed their commitment to cooperate in the fight against terrorism and welcomed the notable achievements of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS. President Al-Sisi expressed Egypt’s appreciation for US military equipment and security assistance.
Advancing Economic Prosperity
The two presidents expressed their commitment to strengthening bilateral economic cooperation for the mutual benefit of the Egyptian and American peoples. They resolved to explore new ways to expand bilateral trade, increase private sector investment, and collaborate on clean energy and climate technologies. The leaders welcomed the recent US GreenTech mission to Egypt, the largest in history, and pledged to launch the high-level Joint Economic Commission.
The impact of the war in Ukraine
The United States and Egypt emphasized that peace, security, and a rules-based multilateral order are central to their long-standing partnership. Recalling March 2n/a and March 24e UN General Assembly resolutions on Ukraine, both of which voted in favour, reaffirmed their common principles enshrined in the UN Charter, including respect for international law, territorial integrity and sovereignty national. The two presidents stressed the need to refrain from the use of force, to resolve conflicts by peaceful means and to put an end to human rights violations in conflict areas. The United States and Egypt share particular concerns about the severe global consequences stemming from the war in Ukraine, including on global supply chains and energy and commodity prices. For example, the blockade of Black Sea ports has triggered growing food insecurity and placed significant economic pressures on Egypt.
President Biden underscored U.S. support for the Egyptian people in meeting these challenges. To that end, the United States welcomes Egypt’s consultations with the International Monetary Fund and supports the provision of additional financing to Egypt through the IMF’s Resilience and Sustainability Trust. The United States also fully supports Egypt’s engagement with the World Bank to seek financing options to stabilize its economy and enhance the well-being of Egyptian households, particularly through the the Bank’s recently announced crisis response financing programme. President Biden has indicated that the United States is providing $1 billion in new aid to address the food security situation in the Middle East, including $50 million specifically for Egypt. These funds aim to strengthen food security and offset the effects of the disruption of agricultural supply chains and rising food prices due to the blocking of ports. President Biden assured President Al Sisi that the United States would stand up for Egypt and its food security needs.
Promote regional stability
The United States and Egypt cooperate closely to find solutions to regional conflicts and promote peace. Both leaders stressed that a two-state solution remains the only viable path to achieving a lasting resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and to achieving a secure, prosperous and dignified future for Israelis and Palestinians. President Biden expressed support for Egypt’s vital leadership and historic role in promoting peace and ending conflict, thus widening the circle of peace between Israel and its Arab neighbors and around the world, as well as the preservation of a lasting calm between Israelis and Palestinians.
The two leaders stressed the need to implement UN Security Council resolutions 2570, 2571 (2021), reaffirming the need to organize parallel presidential and legislative elections in Libya as soon as possible. They underscored the importance of the complete withdrawal of all foreign forces, mercenaries and foreign fighters, and the central role of the 5+5 Joint Military Committee in this regard, including the prompt elaboration of timelines. President Biden thanked President Al-Sisi for Egypt’s role in cementing the truce in Yemen, particularly in facilitating commercial flights from Sanaa to Cairo, an important part of the truce arrangement brokered by the ‘UN. The two presidents committed to regular consultations to resolve regional conflicts and humanitarian crises in Syria, Lebanon and Sudan. Regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), President Biden reiterated U.S. support for water security in Egypt and for crafting a diplomatic resolution that would serve the interests of all parties. and would contribute to a more peaceful and prosperous region. The two leaders reiterated the imperative to conclude without further delay an agreement on the filling and functioning of the GERD as stipulated in the Statement of the President of the United Nations Security Council dated September 15, 2021, and in accordance with international law.
Promotion of human rights
President Biden and President Al-Sissi underscored their mutual commitment to a constructive dialogue on human rights, which is an integral part of the strong partnership between the United States and Egypt. They will continue to consult each other closely to ensure the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, civil, economic, social and cultural fields. Both leaders reaffirmed the important role that civil society can play in these areas.
Accelerating global efforts to tackle the climate crisis
President Biden congratulated President Al Sisi for the Egyptian presidency of 27e United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 27) in Sharm el-Sheikh in November 2022 and reaffirmed the United States’ commitment to a successful conference. The United States commends Egypt’s leadership in accelerating global ambition and action to address the climate crisis. President Biden welcomed Egypt’s submission of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) update. The two leaders highlighted their country’s support for the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) and the new GMP Energy Pathway, which Egypt has joined with regards to the oil and gas sector. The two leaders reaffirmed the new partnership between the United States and Egypt on adaptation in Africa, which the United States and Egypt will co-lead, focused on implementing concrete initiatives that will improve the lives of people and help build resilience to climate change. The leaders pledged to convene the joint US-Egyptian climate task force as soon as possible.